Maturitní otázky do angličtiny otázka 1 - 5

30. srpna 2007 v 19:37 |  Maturitní otázky - Angličtina

1. b Canada

Canada occupies the northern part of North America except Alaska, and many islands such as Baffin Island, Victoria Island, Newfoundland Island. Canada borders on the USA in the south and on the Arctic Ocean in the north. Its area is almost 10 million square kilometers, which makes it the second largest country in the world.
Canada is famous for its varied and beautiful countryside, especially near the Great Lakes in the south-east. Visitors to Canada are eager to see Niagara Falls, which are to be found between Lake Ontario and lake Erie. Canada has also high mountain ranges, like the Rocky Mountains and the Mackenzie Mountains. The highest peak is Mt. Logan in the Alaska region (6 000 m). The longest river is the Mackenzie flowing from the Rocky Mountains to the Arctic Ocean. There are about thirty national parks in Canada, one of them is Jasper National Park in Alberta. The climate is mostly continental in Canada, with warm summers and cold winters. The north is arctic.
The original inhabitants came to Canada about 10 000 to 25 000 years ago from Asia. The Vikings discovered Canada more than a thousand years ago, but it was rediscovered by Europeans in the 15th century. The French occupied large parts of the territory in the 16th century. They were followed by the English who captured most of Canada from the French in wars of the 17th - 19th centuries. Now the population of Canada is more than 26 million people, which means that the density is one of the lowest. 45 per cent of Canadians are of British origin, 29 % of French origin and 23 % have their origin in other European countries. Most of the inhabitants are concentrated near the border with the USA by the St. Lawrence River.
Canada became a British dominion in 1867. Now it is an independent federal state and a member of the British Commonwealth of Nations. The head of the state is the British monarch represented by the Governor-General. The leading figure in the political life of the country is the Prime Minister.
Canada is divided into ten provinces and two territories. The largest province is Quebec. Canada´s capital is Ottawa in Ontario. Other main cities are: Montreal, Toronto.
Canada´s economy is traditionally based on natural resources and agriculture. Canada is the world´s second largest exporter of wheat. Some districts are renowned for their forestry. Forests cover 44 per cent of the land area. Coal, oil, gas, gold, silver, zinc and other ores are found in Canada. Main industries are chemical, machine-building, ship-building, motor-car, iron and steel. The main trading partner is USA. Valid currency is Canadian dollar.

2. a My family

I live with my family in a flat. When I say "my family", I mean my mother, father sister and me.
My mother's name is Jana and she is forty-six. She has green eyes. She doesn't work now, because she is ill. She is after operation with her back. She is small, has medium long hair. Its color is brown. She likes gardening and reading books. I help her with housework (with sister) because she is very tired and she mustn't do it. She also sew in her free time.
My father's name is Karel. He is forty-nine years old. He works as a plumber. He's rather tall, has short brown hair and blue and green eyes (like me). My father loves gardening and he's very keen on cars. He's an excellent driver.
I have a one sister. She's eleven. She is tall, has long blond hair and green eyes. She is now in the fifth class at basic school. She likes listening to music, drawing and watching TV. She makes me almost always crazy. She makes jokes to me. But I love her very much.
We are very large family. I have also one grandfather and two grandmothers, five uncles and four aunts, and ten cousins. My mother's father died twelve years ago. My grandmother's names are Růžena and Marie. My grandfather's name is Karel like my father. My parents are from the Southern Bohemia. There are my grandparents. We go to grandparent's every week, inspite of a great distance between Prague and the Southern Bohemia. I love it there.
Two of my aunts and uncles and six cousins live in Bechyně. It is near Tábor. I see them about once a month. We understand each other very well, mainly with my cousins. Other relatives live in the Southern Bohemia.
Twice or three times a year we (our whole family) go to Bechyně and we talk about everything. It's such a good time. Imagine, that when we are all it's about forty people.
And my "own family"? I don't want to get married yet. I want to enjoy life. And then I'd like to have two children, a boy and a girl. I'd like to live in a large house on the outskirts of Prague.

2. b Australia and New Zealand

Australia, situated in the southern hemisphere, is the smallest continent in the world. Tasmania lies 240 km south. There are 2 great deserts in Australia: the Great Sandy Desert and the Great Victoria Desert. Australia has 2 big rivers, the Murray and the Darling and 3 great lakes: Lake Eyre, Lake Torrens and Lake Gairdner. The highest peak is Mt. Kosciusko (2 300 m) in the Australian Alps. Australia has many different kinds of climate: tropical, continental, sub-tropical. It is famous for its animals: the kangaroo, the koala, the big bird emu and platypus.
Australia has very low density (2 person 1sq m), has 17 million of inhabitants. 95 per cent people are of British origin, 1,5 per cent are aborigines. English is the official language. Canberra is the capital city. The main cities are: Sydney, Melbourne, Darwin, Brisbane.
Australia was discovered and explored by Europeans (mainly the Dutch and the British) in the 17th and 18th centuries. The settlement of Australia began with the arrival of about 1 000 colonists from Great Britain. 750 of them were convicts. The day, when they landed, is now public holiday. The official name of Australia is the Commonwealth of Australia.
Australia is rich in iron ore, oil, gas, coal, gold and silver. Its main industries are iron and steel, textiles, chemicals, car, ship and machinery. Australia is exporter of wool, wheat, beef, mutton and minerals. Currency is Australian dollar.
Australia consists of 6 states and 2 territories. Australia has parliamentary system where the head of state is now Queen Elizabeth II. represented by the Governor-General.
New Zealand is in the south-west Pacific Ocean. It consists of 2 large islands, the North Island, the South Island and a small island called Steward Island. The distance between islands is called Cook Strait and it is 150 km. NZ is mainly mountainous with fertile plains on its east coast. The NI is famous for its volcanic plateau and a lot of small lakes. There are glaciers and 15 peaks above 3 000 m in the SI. The highest peak is Mt. Cook (3 700 m) in the Southern Alps. The climate is very pleasant all the year around in NZ.
Population of NZ is about 3,3 million. The density is low (12 people per 1 sq. km). 85 per cent people are of European origin and about 9 per cent are Maoris. English is the official language. NZ is divided into counties. All the principal cities lie on the coast. The largest cities are: capital Wellington and Auckland are in the NI, Christchurch, Dunedin and Nelson are in the SI.
The first inhabitants of NZ were the Maoris of Polynesian origin, who settled there before and during 14th century. The first European to see NZ was the Dutch navigator Abel Tasman. The Maoris did not him to land. More than 100 years later rediscovered the islands captain James Cook.
NZ is rich in oil, iron ore, gas, coal and forests. NZ is highly developed country. Both agriculture and industry are very efficient. NZ is the world's biggest exporter of meat and dairy products and the second largest exporter of wool. Food processing, textiles, farm machinery and forest industry are the main industries there. Tourism is another booming industry. NZ dollar is the local currency.
NZ has a parliamentary system where the head of state is Queen Elizabeth II. represented by the Governor-General. The head of government is the Prime Minister.

3. a My daily program

Each of my days is full of "work" from morning to evening, particularly on weekdays, when I must go to school. Every day I get up at seven o'clock but it is a big problem for me because I like to sleep late. First I have breakfast. Then I go to the bathroom, wash and clean my teeth. Then I get dressed and comb my hair.
I don't have to go by bus or tube to the school because I live about 200 m from my school. So I usually go to school at 7.45. I usually have six lessons, which are forty-five minutes long. Between lessons we have ten minutes breaks, except one "long" break between the second and the third lesson, which is twenty minutes long.
After the lessons I go to have a lunch to our school dining-room. Then I go with my friends to a bus stop because I like to have a chat with them. When they leave I go home. When I come home I do some household works, then I work with my computer or help my sister to learn. Then I prepare to school, do homework or learn. I go out with my friends or I listen to music or watch TV.
I must be at home at six o'clock, because it is time for dinner. Then I wash up, take a shower or have a bath and go to my room, where I read or work with computer.
I go to bed about at ten or eleven o'clock. I try to sleep minimum eight hours.
I am really very happy when weekdays end and the weekend comes, because I can go to our cottage or be with my girlfriend. There I can ride a bike, a motorbike.Weekends are much better than weekdays.

3. b Geography of Great Britain

There are four countries in the United Kingdom of Great Britain: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. England is the largest of the countries. Southern Ireland is a republic and is not a part of the UK.
There are not many rivers in the UK. The longest river is the river Severn. There are also not many lakes in Great Britain. There are some in Scotland and some in the north of England. The largest lakes in Scotland are Loch Lomond and Loch Ness, which became famous because of the "Loch Ness monster". The climate is mild and damp. Britain has not very hot summers, no extremes of temperature, rain all the year round.
The highest mountain in GB is Ben Nevis in Scotland (1 300 m).
Northern Ireland is very beautiful place. It is a land of mountains, rivers and lakes. Belfast is the capital of NI. NI is formed by six counties. There are the problems between Protestants and Catholics, which started several centuries ago, still continue and are more political than religious.
The south of England has nearly half of England's population. Most of the people live in London and the area around. County Kent is called the Garden of England. Bristol is the center of the aviation industry and Rolls Royce makes airplane engines there. Huge stones of Stonehenge set up in a circle on Salisbury Plain are associated with sun worship. Windsor Castle was built 900 years ago. England's kings and queens have lived there ever since.
The Midlands and the North is center of various industries. Yorkshire, Leeds and Bradford have been associated with wool. Manchester became a very important center for the production of cotton. Newcastle became known for its shipbuilding but there is only one major car company in Birmingham now.
Scotland has become an important center for computer production. Edinburgh is the official residence of the Queen. Glasgow is the second biggest city in Scotland.
Wales is famous for its castles, mountains, beautiful valleys, and its national parks. The Welsh have been famous for their singing. Welsh is now spoken as a first language by more than 20 per cent of the population.

4. a Work and jobs

What do people really want from their jobs? The most frequent answer is money. But there are also many people who are satisfied with a small salary when they have a grand title. Yes, there are many people who want to be called director of this, controller of that or manager of the other.
At present the most of modern jobs seem to have an economic character. The most typical job with economic character is a manager or a secretary. A good secretary must be able not only to type and take shorthand but she also be able to look after her boss in a number of ways. On the contrary a good manager must be patient and must not regret doing overtime. A lot of people study commercial schools to become a manager or a secretary. After all work is in an office often paid much higher than other sorts of jobs. But now the economic jobs begin to be crowded.
Manual work is difficult but it is not paid as much as other kinds of work. There are many types of craftsmen. For example, bakers, drivers, cleaners, cooks, waiters, hair stylists and shop assistants.
The less common jobs are paid higher. It might be, for example, work connected with film and art, such as playwrights, writers, actors, singers and reporters.
There are also political jobs like presidents, ministers, senators, judges and diplomats. And of course many others, for example teachers, doctors, guides.
You can be employed in a state company or in a private company or you can have your own business. You can work in industry, in agriculture or in the services (banks, stock markets, hotels and insurance companies).
I, personally, want to do some interesting work. It might be a stock manager, a businessman and so on. I prefer a job of economic character. I want to earn much money because I am all my life short of money.

4. b Personal correspondence

A personal letter is more cordial than a business letter. The lay-out of a personal letter is a bit different as well. The sender's address is placed in the top right-hand corner, above the date.
You usually greet your friend Dear/Dearest and his or her first name, which is often written by hand in a typewritten letter. You may ask the addressee to pass on to others, for example "Please remember me to your wife", "Please give your parents my kindest regards", "Please pass my best wishes on to your family" or "My wife wishes/asks to be remembered".
We end an informal letter with "Best wishes", "With my best wishes. Women often end a letter or postcard with "Love".
The envelope of a personal letter is similar to one of a business letter, but the return address is on the back of the envelope.
Short messages or greetings can be sent by a postcard without an envelope.

5. a My friend

My friend is my class-mate. His name is Jenda. He lives in a flat in region called Opatov.
He is quite tall, has very short black hair. His face looks like a box and his eyes are brown. He is very much slim. He has such a big nose. He usually wears jeans and a T-shirt or a sweater.
He is quite frank, helpful, clever, obstinate and reliable. He's very temperament, never tired. He seems to tell me almost everything about himself.
It is really fun to be with him. He has incredibly sense of humor. We have nearly the same hobbies and sometimes the same opinion. We often go to a pub or just walk around town. We both like travelling, reading, swimming, talking about politics, listening to music, computers and mainly attractive girls. We often spend our leisure time together, especially when we are discussing some extremely beautiful girl. At weekends and in summer we usually hike around Bohemia and chase nice girls.
He is also very forgetful and I can't imagine his life without me. I must remember him everything. He is so forgetful that we quarrel about things that he heard a minute ago. Sometimes I feel like his mother. He is often short of money and then I must lend it him.
He is very untidy and I can't stand it. It really makes me crazy. He (sometimes) behaves as if he isn't from the Earth. He misses a tact to treat somebody.
I think our friendship will be long lasting, although it doesn't look like that.

5. b The british economy

England is highly industrialized and the earliest developments of modern industry took place there. Many of important inventions, such as invention of the steam engine by James Watt, were made by Englishmen.
Britain's main industry was coal mining. Glasgow and Newcastle became great centers of engineering and shipbuilding. Lancashire produced cotton goods and south-west Yorkshire woolens. Sheffield concentrated on the production of iron and steel and Birmingham developed light engineering and later became the chief center for making vehicles.
More recently oil and natural gas have taken place of coal. In addition to them Britain's industry comprises heavy and light engineering, electrical and electronical engineering, aeroengines, shipbuilding, chemical industry, consumer goods and textiles industry and fish processing factories. Scotland is famous for its whisky distilleries. Banking, insurance and tourism have also become important industrial branches in Britain. Insurance is one of its most profitable exports. The City of London has the world's largest insurance market.
Although only 2,2 per cent of the working population are engaged in agriculture and fishing, they feed nearly two-thirds of Britain's inhabitants. Agricultural production includes cattle, sheep and poultry, wheat, barley and potatoes.
Britain is a member of the European Union and half of Britain's trade is with its Union partners. Another major trading partner is the USA.
Currency valid in GB is 1 pound which has 100 pence.

1 člověk ohodnotil tento článek.


1 Prochy Prochy | 10. ledna 2008 v 19:20 | Reagovat

Vyborny :-)

2 R.en.a.t.k.a. R.en.a.t.k.a. | 3. února 2008 v 15:04 | Reagovat

jééé, tohle mi hodně pomohlo, pže jsem nikde na netu nemohla sehnat mat.otázku jobs... děkujiii

3 Heather Heather | E-mail | 14. února 2008 v 10:11 | Reagovat

Super::-) Našla jsem tu spoustu věcí, které se mi hodily při vypracovávání otázek. Díky:-)

4 maggdič maggdič | 17. dubna 2008 v 16:03 | Reagovat

fakt super moooooooc mi to pomohlo!!!!!!k maturitě super......dik

5 lojzík lojzík | 12. května 2008 v 19:43 | Reagovat

jej hobbies tadyk nenii to zas musim hledat jinde kurwa:D

6 mechatronik mechatronik | 15. května 2008 v 7:51 | Reagovat

Oki hobbies naskenuju a hodím vám to sem....

7 Sovik Sovik | 7. ledna 2009 v 21:18 | Reagovat

Diky  za pomoc JOBS jsem nemohl sehnat v dobre kvalitě, ale tady je to přehledné.

8 Tameka33Delgado Tameka33Delgado | E-mail | Web | 3. února 2012 v 14:48 | Reagovat

The <a href="">home loans</a> are useful for people, which are willing to organize their business. In fact, it's easy to receive a small business loan.

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